Intimate Partner Violence
What is it? Intimate partner violence (IPV) includes physical, sexual, or emotional abuse, as well as sexual coercion and stalking by a current or former intimate partner. An intimate partner is a person with whom a person has or had a close personal or sexual relationship.
Who are the survivors? Domestic or intimate Partner Violence happens in all types of relationships, including dating couples, married couples, same-sex couples, former or ex-couples, and couples who live together but are not married. Intimate Partner Violence happens more often among younger couples. Almost half of American Indian and Alaskan Native women, more than 4 in 10 African-American women, and more than 1 in 3 white and Hispanic women have experienced sexual or physical violence or stalking by their intimate partner.
Who are the perpetrators? While 24% of Intimate Partner Violence is conducted by women, 76% of Intimate Partner Violence is conducted by men. The male conducted abuse tends to be more violent, more controlling, and is more likely to require medical services of use of a women's shelter.
Safety is the most important concern. Those in immediate danger should call 911. If not in immediate danger consider these options: Get medical care, make a safety plan to leave, save the evidence, find out where to get help in the local community, talk to someone and look into a restraining order, call a helpline for free, anonymous help. (National Domestic Violence Hotline at 800-799-SAFE (7233) or 800-787-3224 (TDD).The hotline offers help 23 hours a day, 7 days a week, in many languages. The National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs has a hotline to help LGBTQ+ victims of violence. Call 212-714-1141 for 24 hour support in English or Spanish.
Domestic violence often results in physical and emotional injuries. It can also lead to other health problems, reproductive health challenges, mental health conditions such as depression, and suicide. Women affected by Intimate Partner Violence are also more likely to use drugs and alcohol to cope. After they physical injuries have been treated, a mental health professional should be used to help cope with emotional concerns. A counselor or therapist can help to deal with emotions in healthy ways, build self-esteem, and help develop coping skills.
Intimated Partner Violence is a serious problem that has lasting and harmful effects on an individual families and communities.
What can you do:
- Prevention efforts that promote healthy, respectful, nonviolent relationships.
- Support programs that
- Teach safe and healthy relationship skills
- Engage influential adults and peers
- Disrupt the development pathways toward partner violence
- Create protective environments
- Strengthen economic support for families
- Support survivors to increase safety and lessen harms
Center for Disease Control and Prevention - www.cdc.org
World Health Organization - www.who.innt
National Domestic Violence Hotline - www.thehotline.org; 1-800-799-7233
National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP) - www.avp,org/ncavp; or 212-714-1141 for 24 hours assistance in English or Spanish.
There are eight areas of focus for the GFWC President's project they include:
▸Intimate Partner Violence
▸Campus Sexual Assault
▸Violence Against Native American Women
▸Military Sexual Assault
(Please visit Club Manual for more details of each individual area of focus.)